Parasites in cats
Thirty years ago, according to veterinarians, in Eastern Europe, about 90% of cats were constantly hit by several types of parasites at once. And even now, parasitic diseases are extremely common. If, for example, the owner removes his pet in the summer to the country, the risk of infection of the pet will increase significantly. In addition, there are parasites that live on the body of the animal constantly.
However, lately, veterinary pharmacology has made a big step forward, and the general availability of antiparasitic drugs has increased. Moreover, with adequate medical care, the majority of parasites today are much less dangerous than 30 years ago. But what they are? How does the owner recognize if his pet is infected? What to do in case of their appearance?
What types and types of parasites secrete today?
Most often, parasites are distinguished by their location. So, to external parasites (ectoprasites) include:
• Fleas. They live in the coat of the animal.
• Lice. Also found in cats fur.
• Ear pincers (otodecosis). Live in the ears of the animal.
• Ixodes. These parasites cat can bring, for example, with a walk.
Also, internal parasites that live in the cat’s gastrointestinal tract are isolated. Various helminths belong to this group: roundworms and tapeworms and flukes, among which nematodes and roundworms are the most common.
What can be dangerous parasites cats?
1. Some types of parasites that are dangerous for cats can be dangerous for their owners: for example, some types of helminths, fleas.
2. Parasites usually feed at the expense of their host: skin scales, secretions of sebaceous glands, blood (like a flea or hookworm). This often causes pain and anxiety to the animal, and in severe cases they can cause anemia – anemia.
3. Many blood-sucking parasites are carriers of dangerous diseases that can pose a risk to the life and health of a pet. These include, for example, infectious anemia of cats, which is tolerated by both ticks and fleas.
4. Fleas can provoke various skin inflammations, and helminths significantly reduce the immune status of cats.
5. A sick pet can infect other animals living in your home.
How to diagnose parasites at home?
The correct answer is no way. The nuances of the diagnosis of parasites are too many, and some of them are too subtle to detect them, especially at first. Therefore, the cat should undergo regular medical examinations in your veterinary clinic, and you should not forget to monitor its health indicators.
Pay close attention to the skin and coat, the state of the mucous membranes and the quality of your pet’s stool, and if any abnormalities appear, consult a doctor who will be able to correctly diagnose the disease and, if necessary, prescribe treatment.
What symptoms are alarming?
The pet’s treatment is prescribed by a doctor, but you must be vigilant to distinguish signs of a possible illness in time.
If you notice any of the symptoms listed below, immediately consult a veterinary specialist:
• Helminths or their eggs in the feces or cat vomit;
• fleas, lice or ticks in cat hair;
• Strong scratching and traumatic hair loss;
• General lethargy and malaise of the pet;
• Pale mucous membranes, change in color and texture of feces.
How to prevent infection by parasites?
Comprehensive protection of cats from parasites is to conduct regular preventive measures.
So, to combat internal parasites, it is recommended to use combined anthelmintic agents that effectively protect animals from most worms. As a rule, broad-spectrum preparations in the form of tablets or suspensions in prophylactic doses are used once a quarter.
Prevention of the appearance of external parasites in cats consists mainly in external treatments in the warm season – from May to October. There are a large number of antiparasitic drugs on the pet market. Nowadays, simple to use and quite effective drops, which are applied to the pet’s skin in the area of the withers, are the most popular. To form a stable protection against the entire spectrum of external parasites, it is enough to process the animal once every 3-4 weeks.
For the final determination of drugs for your cat and the frequency of their use, you should consult with your veterinarian.