Domestic cat: the main qualities of cats
Of all the animals domesticated by humans, it is perhaps the domestic cat (in a scientific way – Félis silvéstris cátus) today has one of the most privileged positions. And, like the dog, refers to the so-called companion animals, living in close proximity to humans.
However, it does not lose its natural instincts and is able to efficiently catch small game. Until now, there are disputes in the scientific community as to whether the cat is completely a pet or can be attributed to the so-called “semi-domestic” species. Anyway, the history of partnership between a cat and a man has been around for more than 10 thousand years, and most researchers agree that this partnership began in Nubia or Egypt.
The first documented mention of cats refers to the II millennium BC. Oe., when in ancient Egypt, steppe cats began to be widely used to protect granaries from rodents. Then the Phoenician navigators brought cats on their ships: the new pets effectively fought with mice and rats and were unpretentious. And since the Phoenicians sailed around the then known world, the cat settled on all its banks. But where are our affectionate pets?
Domestic cat – what is it?
Today, about 100 million domestic cats live in Europe, and most of all in Russia and France. More often they live in cities, and more than half of all modern urban cats practically do not leave home.
The small size and independent behavior makes cats more adapted to the sedentary lifestyle of modern citizens. In addition, they have unique properties that make them charming pets, but retain the features and behavior of their wild ancestors.
It is believed that during coexistence with humans, the genotype of cats has changed less than that of dogs. Both the physiology and psychology of the cat remained as a lone hunter, but now these animals are capable of both gratitude and deep attachment to the owner.
Most cats are characterized by attachment to their habitat, daily routine and lifestyle. If she always lived alone and never moved, then the appearance in the house of another cat or dog can be a real stress for her and even lead to health problems. If the cat lives with other animals from an early age, then, most likely, it will be comfortable when new pets appear in the house.
Cats are very sensitive to sounds and smells, which we do not even suspect, and it is not always easy for owners to assess the emotional state of a pet. It should be remembered that it is absolutely normal for cats to use all three dimensions of space, so owners should take care of the cat’s freedom of movement around the house. You should not limit the mobility of cats, especially domestic, often living in a relatively small space of the apartment and not having a full opportunity to realize their hunting instinct. It is necessary to organize the animal the maximum possible freedom, without harm to the furniture and health of the cat, and regularly play with it using safe toys. Do not worry if your pet constantly climbs into some nooks, you just need to make sure that there is nothing to threaten him.
A special place in providing the cat decent living conditions is drinking water. It should always be very fresh, in no way standing and not stagnant. The best flow through, for this you can buy a special fountain. But the water poured into a quality large bowl of metal or ceramics will be no worse.
You need to change the water at least once a day, regardless of whether the pet drank everything that was poured or not. After all, to satisfy the thirst of a cat does not need a lot of water. This is due to the fact that they are descended from desert inhabitants and are adapted to save liquid.
Over the centuries of the coexistence of cats and humans, breeders have developed many different breeds, relying on breeding techniques: selecting and securing breeds according to a set of specific traits. Occasionally genetic mutations that laid the foundation for new breeds interfered with the breeding schemes: for example, it is believed that the Canadian Sphynx appeared by chance, as a result of such a mutation.
Currently, there are more than 70 cat breeds, although breed standards may vary. In addition to external differences, the breeds are characterized by features of behavior and communication, a tendency to diseases, and hence certain individual needs for care and nutrition.
You can understand these features with the help of specialists: veterinarians and proven breeders. They will help you find the right cat for you, as well as tell you how to look after her properly, what to look for in order to maintain her health and what behavioral features you can expect from her.