Sterilization of cats and castration of cats
Pet owners who do not plan to raise the offspring of their pets, should think about castration or sterilization. However, the owner must carefully prepare for these procedures.
Decide on the age of the operation
Today, veterinary specialists offer pet owners two options:
• “early” sterilization and castration,
• an operation that the animal will undergo after puberty.
As an advantage of “early” sterilization or castration – that is, an operation performed on a kitten before puberty, it can be said that the pet does not have time to experience the difficult psychological and physiological consequences of the need for mating.
During periods of “heat” and “sexual hunting” the cat and the cat lose their appetite and experience stress. In addition, the actual process of puberty implies serious hormonal changes, and castration or sterilization carried out by the pet, who barely survived such a “restructuring”, will only be an additional burden on the body.
As a traditional approach to the choice of time for sterilization and castration, one can speak of the age of onset of puberty – 10–12 months of a pet’s life and later on at any time.
Perform a complete pet examination with a veterinary specialist to ensure that there are no contraindications to the operation. Take tests, go through the examination and find out if the animal has any allergic reactions.
Since the operation leads to a temporary decrease in immunity, it is important that the cat and the cat are protected. Check the date of the last vaccination. If it is time to repeat the vaccination, first de-worming, and two weeks after getting rid of the worms (and at least 30 days before the operation) undergo revaccination.
Get everything you need to take care of your pet after surgery. In the list of necessary purchases include:
1. Bandage to protect the seam (if any) or a special collar;
2. A removable-top carrier in which you take your pet home from the hospital;
3. Antiseptic solution for the treatment of seams;
4. Food for sterilized and neutered pets, which can be gradually transferred to a cat and a cat.
In order to avoid gagging in the state of anesthesia, for 12 hours before the operation, keep the pet on a starvation diet, and stop drinking for three hours.
The whole operation takes no more than 30 minutes, and the animal must come out of the anesthesia under the supervision of a doctor, after which it can be taken home. Be prepared for the fact that for some time after castration or sterilization the animal will need special care.
The main consequences of sterilization and castration:
• reduced energy demand;
• decrease in the level of sex hormones (testosterone and estrogen);
• decrease in spontaneous physical activity;
• increased hunger;
• excessive food intake;
• increased risk of weight gain;
• tendency to develop urolithiasis;
• increased risk of developing diseases of the lower urinary tract.
Be prepared for the fact that after the operation your pet will need special food and special care. To not miss anything at this stage, read the article “How to care for a pet after castration or sterilization?”.